robert bobb http://michiganradio.org en Commentary: The future of Detroit schools http://michiganradio.org/post/commentary-future-detroit-schools <p></p><p>Roy Roberts, emergency manager of the Detroit Public schools for the last two years, is leaving. His contract ends in two weeks, and he says he isn’t interested in extending it.</p><p>You can hardly blame him. He is 74 and thanks to a successful career at General Motors, doesn‘t need the money. Roberts especially doesn‘t need more aggravation.</p><p>Being emergency manager of what is, in effect, a dying school system has meant 14 hour days and many angry people. There’s no way it could have meant anything else. His predecessor, Robert Bobb, was roundly hated, and whoever the governor appoints next will be too.</p><p> Fri, 03 May 2013 12:29:31 +0000 Jack Lessenberry 12391 at http://michiganradio.org Commentary: The future of Detroit schools Detroit Public Schools emergency manager retiring http://michiganradio.org/post/detroit-public-schools-emergency-manager-retiring <p>The state-appointed emergency manager for Detroit Public Schools announced his retirement today.&nbsp;</p><p>Governor Rick Snyder appointed <a href="http://detroitk12.org/admin/emergency_manager/bio/">Roy Roberts</a> to manage the state's largest school system in 2011. Thu, 02 May 2013 19:31:09 +0000 Michigan Radio Newsroom 12385 at http://michiganradio.org Detroit Public Schools emergency manager retiring In this morning's news... http://michiganradio.org/post/mornings-news-112 <p><strong>Lansing City Council makes cuts</strong></p><p>On the heels of a failed millage and a $14.7 million budget shortfall, the Lansing City Council approved a budget last night that would eliminate more than 100 city positions. <a href="http://news.michiganradio.org/post/lansing-city-council-approves-budget-deep-cuts-public-safety">Michigan Radio&#39;s Steve Carmody</a> was at the council meeting and reported that dozens of firefighters and police officers could be laid off as well. Mayor Bernero said the cuts in the budget were unavoidable:</p><blockquote><p>&quot;Over half the budget is in police and fire.&nbsp; And yet, we have insulated police and fire up to this point&hellip;because the deficit was too large.&nbsp;&nbsp; But even now, we are doing everything we can to mitigate the effects on police and fire.&quot;</p></blockquote><p>The <a href="http://www.lansingstatejournal.com/article/20110517/NEWS01/105170329/-1">Lansing State Journal</a> reports that the city will attempt to reduce the number of cuts through employee concessions:</p><blockquote><p>Slightly more than 100 city workers could lose their jobs under Lansing&#39;s fiscal 2012 budget, though the city will attempt to preserve up to 61 of them by seeking employee concessions.Under the new budget, approved 5-3 by the City Council on Monday night, $3.3 million in state funds will be matched for every dollar gained in concessions before the fiscal year begins July 1.</p></blockquote><p><strong>New Emergency Manager starts at Detroit Public Schools</strong></p><p><a href="http://detroitk12.org/admin/emergency_manager/bio/">Roy Roberts</a> a former GM executive, had his first day on the job yesterday. The <a href="http://www.freep.com/article/20110517/NEWS01/105170347/1001/news">Detroit Free Press</a> reports he&#39;ll work alongside outgoing Emergency Manager Robert Bobb until Bobb&#39;s contract ends &quot;no later than June.&quot;</p><p><a href="http://news.michiganradio.org/post/new-emergency-manager-starts-detroit-public-schools">Michigan Radio&#39;s Sarah Cwiek</a> reported that Roberts says the district &quot;must undergo a &#39;cultural change&#39; and reject a &#39;Rodney Dangerfield kind of mentality&#39; for students to succeed.</p><p>Roberts has to balance a budget deficit of $327 million, and he can do that with broadened powers granted to him under the state&#39;s new emergency manager law.</p><p>Cwiek reports that Roberts &quot;says he doesn&rsquo;t have plans to dismiss the elected school board or throw out union contracts, though.&quot;</p><p>The Freep reports that Roberts is working under a one-year, $250,000 contract.</p><p><strong>Snyder calls for less humility and more unity</strong></p><p>Governor Rick Snyder gave a speech to the Economic Club of Grand Rapids yesterday in which he asked for &quot;less humility, a bit more swagger and a lot more unity among Michiganders,&quot; according to Chris Knape from the <a href="http://www.mlive.com/business/west-michigan/index.ssf/2011/05/gov_rick_snyder_calls_for_less.html">Grand Rapids Press:</a></p><blockquote><p>&ldquo;We&#39;re too negative,&rdquo; Snyder told what was billed as a record Econ Club crowd gathered at the Amway Grand Plaza Hotel. &ldquo;We look in the rear view mirror too much to say, &#39;this is what we&#39;ve always had, so we&#39;ve got to keep that going.&#39;&quot;</p><p>Snyder also lambasted the taste for political winners and losers in the state.</p><p>&ldquo;Too often they will view they won something because somebody else has lost,&rdquo; he said.</p></blockquote><p>Knape reported that Snyder had &quot;generally positive responses from the business-heavy crowd,&quot; except for one element in his speech - tax credits - Snyder&#39;s explanation &quot;landed with a thud,&quot; according to Knape. Tue, 17 May 2011 13:21:10 +0000 Mark Brush 2528 at http://michiganradio.org In this morning's news... What Should Be Private? http://michiganradio.org/post/what-should-be-private <p>http://stream.publicbroadcasting.net/production/mp3/michigan/local-michigan-968381.mp3</p><p><font color="#000000" face="Arial" id="role_document" size="2"><font size="4">Robert Bobb, the tough, controversial Emergency Financial Manager of the Detroit Public Schools, made an astonishing admission yesterday. He has been fighting a deadly form of cancer.</font></font></p><p><font color="#000000" face="Arial" size="2"><font size="4">Thirteen months ago, he learned he had Stage Four tongue cancer, which had spread to the lymph nodes in his neck.</font></font></p><p><font color="#000000" face="Arial" size="2"><font size="4">His chances of surviving five years were put at less than fifty percent. Hearing such a diagnosis would be enough to emotionally destroy many people. Bobb toughed it out.</font></font></p><p><font color="#000000" face="Arial" size="2"><font size="4">He clearly is an intensely private person. In fact, I had never&nbsp; seen his age in print - he is sixty-six - or knew he was married until yesterday. People knew something was wrong with Bobb; he seemed to have lost weight, and at one point acknowledged he had been ill, but said he was feeling better. In fact, he was involved in an intensive course of surgery, chemotherapy and radiation.</font></font></p><p><font color="#000000" face="Arial" size="2"><font size="4">Bobb would show up at Henry Ford Hospital in the morning, checking in under a fake name, and get half an hour of intense treatment. Then he would go about the battles of the day, and sometimes endure abuse at school board meetings at night.</font></font></p><p><font color="#000000" face="Arial" size="2"><font size="4">Remarkably, his secret held, until he decided to reveal it to the Detroit Free Press yesterday, adding, almost as an afterthought, &ldquo;It was an hell of an ordeal, man.&rdquo; </font></font></p><p><font color="#000000" face="Arial" size="2"><font size="4">Why did he keep his condition from the public? His reasons make sense.</font></font> Thu, 12 May 2011 14:29:34 +0000 Jack Lessenberry 2461 at http://michiganradio.org What Should Be Private? Detroit looks to charters to avoid school closures http://michiganradio.org/post/detroit-looks-charters-avoid-school-closures <p>In the past two years, Detroit has closed 59 schools and cut 30 percent of the school system&#39;s workforce. But the district is still staring at a deficit of more than $300 million, and thousands of students continue to flee every year. In a story produced for <a href="http://www.npr.org/2011/05/11/136206552/detroits-education-rehab-are-charters-a-solution">NPR&#39;s All Things Considered</a>, we take a closer look at a plan to help the troubled district out of its downward spiral.</p> Thu, 12 May 2011 02:44:20 +0000 Sarah Hulett 2459 at http://michiganradio.org Detroit looks to charters to avoid school closures Governor Snyder appoints new financial manager for Detroit schools http://michiganradio.org/post/governor-snyder-appoints-new-financial-manager-detroit-schools <p>Governor Rick Snyder has <a href="http://www.detnews.com/article/20110504/METRO/105040398/Ex-GM-exec-Roberts-%E2%80%98excited%E2%80%99-to-take-over-DPS">appointed former GM Executive Roy Roberts</a> to take over as the Detroit Public Schools&rsquo; Emergency Financial Manager.</p><p>Roberts has had a distinguished career in business and is considered a pioneer for African-Americans in the auto industry.</p><p>Snyder says he chose Roberts because he&rsquo;s a &ldquo;successful businessman and team builder.&rdquo;</p> Wed, 04 May 2011 21:20:24 +0000 Sarah Cwiek 2354 at http://michiganradio.org Governor Snyder appoints new financial manager for Detroit schools As DPS makes charter push, study shows high turnover rate for charter leaders http://michiganradio.org/post/dps-makes-charter-push-study-shows-high-turnover-rate-charter-leaders <p>The <a href="http://detroitk12.org/">Detroit Public Schools</a> district is moving forward with its plan to turn dozens of its schools into charters. It&rsquo;s part of current emergency manager Robert Bobb&rsquo;s <a href="http://news.michiganradio.org/post/detroit-schools-move-forward-charter-plans">Renaissance 2012</a> plan. Just this week, <a href="http://detroitk12.org/content/2011/05/03/18-local-and-national-organizations-submit-bids-to-transform-50-schools-to-charters-as-part-of-dps%E2%80%99-renaissance-2012-plan/">18 organizations</a> put in bids to take over 50 DPS schools and convert them into charters.</p><p>At the top would be a charter leader who does everything from fundraising to student recruitment to academic planning. But a <a href="http://www.crpe.org/cs/crpe/view/csr_pubs/378">study</a> out late last year by the <a href="http://www.crpe.org/cs/crpe/print/csr_docs/home.htm">Center on Reinventing Public Education</a> shows charter leaders have a high turnover rate. Wed, 04 May 2011 21:05:48 +0000 Jennifer Guerra 2351 at http://michiganradio.org As DPS makes charter push, study shows high turnover rate for charter leaders Governor Snyder names new emergency manager for Detroit schools http://michiganradio.org/post/governor-snyder-names-new-emergency-manager-detroit-schools <p><strong>Update:</strong></p><p>Robert Bobb, the outgoing emergency manager for Detroit Public Schools, has released a statement regarding Roy S. Roberts, the man who will replace him in that position:</p><blockquote><p><span style="color:black">Roy Roberts is an exceptionally strong choice to continue the heavy lift of restructuring and reforming the interconnected finances and academics of Detroit Public Schools. </span></p> Wed, 04 May 2011 19:00:31 +0000 Michigan Radio Newsroom 2346 at http://michiganradio.org Governor Snyder names new emergency manager for Detroit schools Detroit schools move forward with charter plans http://michiganradio.org/post/detroit-schools-move-forward-charter-plans <pre> The Detroit Public Schools is moving ahead with its controversial 2012 Renaissance Plan. </pre> <pre> That&rsquo;s Emergency Financial Manager Robert Bobb&rsquo;s plan to turn up to 50 current schools into charters, rather than closing them down. Tue, 03 May 2011 21:46:42 +0000 Sarah Cwiek 2333 at http://michiganradio.org Detroit schools move forward with charter plans "A National Disgrace" Dan Rather's report on the Detroit Public Schools http://michiganradio.org/post/national-disgrace-dan-rathers-report-detroit-public-schools <p>Dan Rather will air a special two-hour program on the Detroit Public School system titled &quot;A National Disgrace.&quot;</p><p>It will air on HDNet Tuesday, May 10 at 8:00 p.m. eastern as part of their &quot;Dan Rather Reports&quot; program, and will be re-broadcast at 11:00 p.m. on the same night.</p><p>This from HDNet&#39;s press release:</p><blockquote><p>The special takes its title from a controversial comment by U.S. Secretary of Education Arne Duncan and presents an unflinching look at corruption, mismanagement and failure. Tens of millions of dollars have been stolen from the district. And a school board bickers over trivialities, while their students score at the bottom on national tests. Fri, 29 Apr 2011 13:16:31 +0000 Mark Brush 2277 at http://michiganradio.org "A National Disgrace" Dan Rather's report on the Detroit Public Schools Detroit schools chief: Snyder offers "bold" education plan http://michiganradio.org/post/detroit-schools-chief-snyder-offers-bold-education-plan <p>The emergency manager of Detroit Public Schools praised Governor Snyder&rsquo;s education agenda.</p><p>Robert Bobb says his call to have every child proficient in reading by the end of third grade is important. And Bobb says he likes Snyder&rsquo;s ideas for allowing more charter schools.</p><blockquote><p>&quot;I just think that he has put a very bold plan in front of every educational institution in Michigan. And it&rsquo;s now up to all of the professionals in education to stand behind him and to move as aggressively as possible.&quot;</p> Wed, 27 Apr 2011 18:19:02 +0000 Sarah Hulett 2246 at http://michiganradio.org Detroit schools chief: Snyder offers "bold" education plan Detroit sends layoff notices to all its teachers http://michiganradio.org/post/detroit-sends-layoff-notices-all-its-teachers <p>Layoff notices are being delivered to each and every teacher in the Detroit Public Schools.</p><p>It&rsquo;s an unprecedented move for the troubled school district. Hundreds of teachers have been issued notices in previous years. But Emergency Financial Manager Robert Bobb says the circumstances are different this time around.</p><blockquote><p>&quot;This year, because of our declining student enrollment, because of the possibility of some of our schools becoming charters, and of course school closures, we decided to send layoff notices to our entire membership.&quot;</p> Fri, 15 Apr 2011 01:31:27 +0000 Sarah Hulett 2086 at http://michiganradio.org Detroit sends layoff notices to all its teachers Robert Bobb hints he may want to stay on as Detroit Schools EFM http://michiganradio.org/post/robert-bobb-hints-he-may-want-stay-detroit-schools-efm <p>Detroit schools emergency financial manager Robert Bobb says he&#39;s willing to consider staying on the job beyond June in the wake of Michigan&#39;s new financial oversight law. Robert Bobb told the <a href="http://detnews.com/article/20110408/OPINION03/104080376/Bobb-willing-to-stick-with-DPS">Detroit News&nbsp; editorial page</a> that he&#39;s &quot;not lobbying for the job.&quot; But he says the &quot;pace of change&quot; possible under the new law is appealing.</p><p>Bobb was hired in 2009 by then-Gov. Jennifer Granholm to fix the district&#39;s finances. His latest contract was extended through June by Gov. Rick Snyder, who signed a law giving Bobb and other emergency financial managers the right to oversee not just a school district&#39;s finances but also its academics.&nbsp;</p><p>Snyder&#39;s office says&nbsp;if Bobb is interested in staying he would be among the candidates considered. Fri, 08 Apr 2011 13:56:19 +0000 Steve Carmody 1978 at http://michiganradio.org Robert Bobb hints he may want to stay on as Detroit Schools EFM DPS launches parent meetings about charter schools plan http://michiganradio.org/post/dps-launches-parent-meetings-about-charter-schools-plan <pre> The Detroit Public Schools held the first in a series of parent meetings about a radical plan to <a href="http://detroitk12.org/news/article/2288/">close some schools and turn others into charter schools</a>. </pre> <p>Detroit schools&rsquo; Emergency Financial Manager, Robert Bobb, proposes closing six schools and making up to 45 others into charters.</p><p>18 of those schools will close this summer if no charter operator takes over. 27 others will have the opportunity to go charter, but would stay open as public schools if that doesn&rsquo;t happen.</p><p>Bobb says that&rsquo;s a better option than a state-mandated deficit-elimination plan, which would close 40 schools outright.</p><p>Most parents who attended the first meeting at Priest Elementary school in southwest Detroit expressed concern and even anger about Bobb&rsquo;s plan. Many worry what it will mean for their neighborhood schools, student transportation, and special needs students.</p><p>Danielle Clark&rsquo;s eleven-year-old daughter attends the <a href="http://www.detroitdayschoolforthedeaf.org/">Detroit Day School for the Deaf</a>. Bobb&rsquo;s plan calls for that school to close.</p><blockquote><p>&ldquo;This should not be an option, to close the only deaf school in Detroit. I drive 40 miles one way because this is my daughter&rsquo;s culture and her environment and this is the place where she needs to be.&rdquo;</p></blockquote><p>District spokesman Steve Wasko says concerned parents will have a chance to make their case directly to Bobb in other meetings this month.</p><blockquote><p>&ldquo;We may learn something about a school&hellip;that it&rsquo;s not a good candidate for closure or charter. In some cases we may learn that a school that we thought was a candidate for charter just simply has no interest from a charter. And if it&rsquo;s on the list of 18, it would indeed close. If it&rsquo;s on the larger list it would remain open.&rdquo;</p></blockquote><p>Bobb and the Detroit School Board will also hold <a href="http://detroitk12.org/news/article/2289/">two town meetings about the plan</a> on April 12<sup>th</sup> and 13<sup>th</sup>. Tue, 05 Apr 2011 22:32:16 +0000 Sarah Cwiek 1926 at http://michiganradio.org DPS launches parent meetings about charter schools plan Detroit could have trouble luring charter operators to take over troubled schools http://michiganradio.org/post/detroit-could-have-trouble-luring-charter-operators-take-over-troubled-schools <p>Detroit Public Schools is offering up dozens of its struggling schools to be turned into charters. And officials say they only want &ldquo;superstar&rdquo; operators with a proven track record of academic excellence.</p><p>But those operators might prove difficult to attract. The schools being offered up have the lowest student achievement, declining enrollment, or are located in areas that are not expected to be targeted for redevelopment.</p> Thu, 31 Mar 2011 20:56:55 +0000 Sarah Hulett 1876 at http://michiganradio.org Detroit could have trouble luring charter operators to take over troubled schools Governor Snyder denies making choice to replace Detroit Public Schools emergency financial manager http://michiganradio.org/post/governor-snyder-denies-making-choice-replace-detroit-public-schools-emergency-financial-manager <p>Governor Snyder insists he has not chosen a replacement for <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Detroit_Public_Schools">Detroit Public Schools</a> Emergency Financial Manager <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Bobb">Robert Bobb</a>. Bobb&rsquo;s contract to oversee Detroit&rsquo;s troubled school district expires in June. <a href="http://www.clickondetroit.com/news/27378985/detail.html">A Detroit TV station</a> reported Snyder had made his choice to replace Bobb. But the governor insists he has not.&nbsp;</p><blockquote><p>&nbsp;&quot;We&rsquo;re still looking at candidates, both locally and nationally, and we&rsquo;re going through that process.&nbsp; My preference would be to find somebody from southeastern Michigan that has the right skill sets and such.&rdquo;</p></blockquote><p>The Detroit Public School District is hundreds of millions of dollars in the red and its latest MEAP test scores were mixed. Thu, 31 Mar 2011 17:37:04 +0000 Steve Carmody 1869 at http://michiganradio.org Governor Snyder denies making choice to replace Detroit Public Schools emergency financial manager DPS reorganization calls for closures, conversions to charter http://michiganradio.org/post/dps-reorganization-calls-closures-conversions-charter <p>Thousands of kids in the Detroit Public Schools system could see their school close or become a charter school next fall.</p><p>Emergency Financial Manager Robert Bobb laid out his reorganization plan today. It calls for closing seven schools this summer and one next summer. Another 18 schools will close by the fall unless a charter school operator can be identified to run them. And 27 more schools will be offered for conversion to charter schools, but will remain open otherwise.</p><p>Bobb says national experts and the community will carefully vet the applications to find &ldquo;superstar&rdquo; charter operators:</p><blockquote><p>&quot;It doesn&rsquo;t do us any good to have anyone come in and receive a charter if in fact they do not have a proven track record of student achievement.&quot;</p></blockquote><p>Detroit Board of Education President Anthony Adams says the troubled school district can either continue to close schools, or rethink its approach completely:</p><blockquote><p>&quot;If it is our responsibility to provide the highest level of education for students within our community, then we have to embrace a different service model of what we do.&quot;</p></blockquote><p>The list of 32 schools is fewer than half the troubled school district will have to close or convert to charters to erase a $327 million dollar deficit. Bobb says it will be his successor&rsquo;s job to finish the job. His contract expires at the end of June. Wed, 30 Mar 2011 20:17:12 +0000 Sarah Hulett 1856 at http://michiganradio.org DPS reorganization calls for closures, conversions to charter Detroit schools still face huge deficit after two-years of emergency management http://michiganradio.org/post/detroit-schools-still-face-huge-deficit-after-two-years-emergency-management <p>Even though the district has had a state-appointed emergency financial manager for two years, Detroit Public Schools still face a deficit of hundreds of millions of dollars.</p><p>Robert Bobb, the DPS emergency financial manager, was appointed by Jennifer Granholm in March of 2009.</p><p>From the <a href="http://www.mlive.com/news/detroit/index.ssf/2011/03/detroit_public_schools_struggl.html">Associated Press</a>:</p><blockquote><p>Robert Bobb has spent the past two years closing dozens of schools and firing principals in an effort to fix the failing Detroit Public Schools. Yet, he still hasn&#39;t solved the problem for which he was hired &mdash; erasing a legacy budget deficit that now stands at $327 million.</p><p>Now, in his final months as the state-appointed emergency financial manager, Bobb is proposing several headline-grabbing ideas &mdash; including a radical plan to shut down so many buildings that some high schools could see more than 60 students per class &mdash; in an attempt to wipe out the red ink.</p></blockquote><p>The AP reports that it&#39;s unclear how Bobb might use new powers granted to emergency financial managers under a new law signed by Governor Rick Snyder last week. They say he &quot;continues to push the charter school plan which is the one receiving the most support in the city at the moment &mdash; even from the school board.&quot; Mon, 21 Mar 2011 11:07:08 +0000 Mark Brush 1720 at http://michiganradio.org Detroit schools still face huge deficit after two-years of emergency management Enthusiasm and questions about Detroit charter schools proposal http://michiganradio.org/post/enthusiasm-and-questions-about-detroit-charter-schools-proposal <pre> The man in charge of the Detroit Public Schools&rsquo; finances has put forth <a href="http://detnews.com/article/20110312/SCHOOLS/103120380/Bobb-plan-would-convert-41-Detroit-schools-to-charters">a plan that would turn some of the district&rsquo;s worst schools into charter schools.</a> </pre> <pre> Robert Bobb presented his <a href="http://detroitk12.org/news/article/2267/">&ldquo;Renaissance Plan 2012&rdquo;</a> to the Detroit Board of Education over the weekend. </pre> <pre> The plan calls for turning 41 of the district&rsquo;s remaining 142 schools over to charter operators. District spokesman Steve Wasko says it would allow the district to move at least $75 million in expenses off its books. </pre> <blockquote><p>&ldquo;This is an alternative that would allow the Detroit Public Schools to shed all of the operating costs of the identified schools, to be borne by an outside management company or charter operator.&rdquo;</p></blockquote><p>Wasko says Bobb will identify those schools and open up the application process later this week.</p><p>Skeptics question whether the amount of money the plan saves would make up what the district would lose in state per-pupil funding. David Arsen, Professor of Educational Policy at Michigan State University, says it&rsquo;s not quite clear how the plan would save so much money.</p><blockquote> <pre> &ldquo;If the 41 schools are converted to charters, DPS would avoid its current operations expenditures on those buildings. On the other hand, the district would also lose nearly all of the state funding it currently receives for educating the students in those schools.&rdquo; </pre> </blockquote> <pre> The State Department of Education would have to sign off too, because the proposal would change the deficit elimination plan the state ordered Bobb to implement. </pre> <pre> Bobb says his proposal would still advance the deficit elimination plan, while avoiding what he calls &ldquo;draconian&rdquo; measures, such as shutting down half the district&rsquo;s remaining schools.</pre> <p> Tue, 15 Mar 2011 00:12:57 +0000 Sarah Cwiek 1650 at http://michiganradio.org Enthusiasm and questions about Detroit charter schools proposal Detroit schools offer new plan to cut deficit http://michiganradio.org/post/detroit-schools-offer-new-plan-cut-deficit <p>The emergency financial manager for Detroit&#39;s public schools is floating a new proposal to cut into the district&#39;s costs by turning over the operations of 41 academically struggling schools to outside groups or charter school operators.&nbsp;&nbsp;</p><p>The district says Saturday in a release that Robert Bobb&#39;s &quot;Renaissance Plan 2012&quot; would reduce operating costs by up to $99 million and address the district&#39;s declining enrollment heading into the 2011 to 2012 fiscal year. It also would mean closing fewer schools as called for in a state-approved plan to eliminate the district&#39;s $327 million legacy deficit.</p><p>The deficit elimination plan would close 70 schools and increase class sizes in some high schools to 62 students. Bobb has said that plan would not be good for the district or students. Sat, 12 Mar 2011 20:14:23 +0000 Kyle Norris 1625 at http://michiganradio.org