Before Europeans arrived in Michigan, “moose were pretty much all over” the state, said Rachel Clark of the Michigan History Center.
After that arrival, the moose population declined as settlers began over-hunting the animal and damaging its habitat.
“As they’re clearing out the woods to create farms and those landscapes, they’re destroying the moose habitat,” she said. “So the moose are either dying or moving.”
In response, 1935 brought the first attempt to bring moose back to the Upper Peninsula. But according to Steve Schmitt, a retired DNR wildlife veterinarian, that didn’t go so well.
“Deer had a biological weapon – basically a parasite called brain worm that doesn’t cause a problem in the deer, but when it gets into the moose, it will kill them,” he said. “As they cleared the forest up north, the deer population was able to increase, and that adversely affected the moose population.”
That didn’t stop wildlife specialists from trying. The second attempt came in the mid-1980s.
“The idea there was that the habitat was changing, becoming more advantageous to moose,” Schmitt said.
Algonquin Park in Ontario had an overabundance of moose at the time, Schmitt said, so the goal was to bring some of them over to Michigan.
In return, Schmitt said Michigan gave Ontario some wild turkeys.
Watch the translocation process below in the Archives of Michigan video. The process involves shooting the moose with a tranquilizer gun (Schmitt’s job), putting the animal in a sling, airlifting it to a processing area, crating the animal, and driving it in a truck to the release site in the U.P.
For the full interview, listen above. You’ll hear about the stress this process put on the animals, how Michigan’s moose are doing today, and about the potential stressors the population currently faces.
This segment is produced in partnership with the Michigan History Center.
Michigan Radio originally aired this story on June 7, 2017.