Report warns corrosive tar sands oil boosts risks of pipeline spills

Feb 16, 2011

Update 5:30 p.m.

The NRDC responded to the ECRB statement saying they "stand by the information provided in the report - which is well documented and reviewed." From the NRDC statement:

The lack of transparency from the oil industry is part of the issue here. A clear accounting of the public health and safety issues associated with these products and the infrastructure associated with them is simply not available. The example of Enbridge’s CEO denying tar sands were involved with the Kalamazoo River disaster until pushed by reporters with undeniable evidence is one example of this lack of transparency.

Update 2:55 p.m.

The Energy Resources Conservation Board of Alberta, Canada, "an agency that regulates the province's energy resources," has issued a response to the report.

They write that the report "contains misleading statements on pipeline safety in Alberta and on the characteristics of diluted bitumen." From ERCB statement:

The report also states that “there are many indications that DilBit is significantly more corrosive to pipeline systems than conventional crude.”  Analysis of pipeline failure statistics in Alberta has not identified any significant differences in failure frequency between pipelines handling conventional crude versus pipelines carrying crude bitumen, crude oil or synthetic crude oil.

1:27 p.m.

This past summer, an oil pipeline in Michigan spilled more than 843,000 gallons of crude oil into Talmadge Creek and the Kalamazoo River.

The spill is still being cleaned up by Enbridge Energy Partners, the company responsible for the spill.

Now, a new report says the type of oil running through the pipeline could lead to more spills.

The report, Tar Sands Pipeline Safety Risks, was put out by the Sierra Club, the Natural Resources Defense Council, the Pipeline Safety Trust, and the National Wildlife Federation.

                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
                      • Petroleum that exists in the semi-solid or solid phase in natural deposits. Bitumen is best described as a thick, sticky form of crude oil, so heavy and viscous (thick) that it will not flow unless heated or diluted with lighter hydrocarbons. At room temperature, it is much like cold molasses.
  • The authors of Tar Sands Pipeline Safety Risk say transporting tar sands crude puts the American oil pipeline system at risk because the oil "is significantly more acidic and corrosive than standard oil, and requires increased heat and pressure to move through pipelines."

    From the report:

    Today’s report shows how this new product brings a significantly different chemical composition from other petroleum types that creates difficulty in transportation and cleanup when spills occur...Tar sands crude has five-to-ten times more sulfur as conventional crude and more chloride salts. Both substances can weaken pipelines and make them more likely to break during a pressure spike. Refiners have reported finding more quartz sand and other solid material in tar sands diluted bitumen. At high pressure, this material basically sandblasts the inside of the pipe.

    They say the Canadian pipeline system, which is newer and carries more tar sands oil, "has experienced 16 times more safety incidents due to internal corrosion than the U.S. pipeline system."

    They caution American regulators to create new regulations and safeguards that account for the increase in transportation of tar sands oil.

    The report highlights the risks of two pipeline systems in the U.S. (see the map above):

    • the Lakehead system in the Upper Great Lakes (the system that failed and led to the 800,000 gallon oil spill in Michigan)
    • and the Keystone XL line, which flows over the Ogallala Aquifer in the central U.S.

    Michigan Radio's Rebecca Williams is seeking comment on the report from Enbridge Energy Partners, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, TransCanada, and the U.S. DOT's Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration.

    You can hear her report during Michigan Radio's All Things Considered and Morning Edition. You will also be able to find her report on The Environment Report web page tomorrow.