Large factory farms have lost a major court case in the Michigan Court of Appeals. The case involves farming operations with hundreds, sometimes thousands of animals. They are often called CAFOs, or Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations.
The appellate court upheld a lower court ruling that the state could require large confined animal feeding operations to get pollution discharge permits before opening. Farm groups challenged the state rule insisting they should only need a permit after releasing manure causing water pollution. But today, the three judge panel disagreed:
We conclude that the DEQ was fully authorized to require CAFOs to either (1) seek and obtain an (federal) permit (irrespective of whether they actually discharge pollutants), or (2) satisfactorily demonstrate that they have no potential to discharge. The circuit court properly denied plaintiffs’ motion for summary disposition and granted summary disposition in favor of the DEQ.
Ann Wiowode is the director of the Michigan chapter of the Sierra Club. She welcomes this week’s ruling.
“That is essential in insuring they’re not allowed to begin operation and potentially pollute the water without going through proper review.”
But while she welcomes the decision, Wiowode says more work is needed to protect Michigan from water pollution connected to agriculture.
“We think the regulations are still too weak. And based on our experience, the permits themselves have many things that could be improved.”
The Michigan Farm Bureau expressed disappointment with the decision.